Toulon, prefecture of the Var, is located on the Mediterranean coast, halfway between Marseille in the west, and Saint-Tropez, to the east. The city of Toulon is famous for its bay, deemed the most beautiful in Europe and the second in the world after that of Rio de Janeiro.
Toulon is the sunniest city in France with 2899 hours on average per year. The climate toulonnais is therefore characterized by a very strong sunshine, a clearly marked dry season in summer, precipitation rare but sometimes violent, hot temperatures in summer and mild in winter. Because of its proximity to the sea, temperatures remain relatively mild in all seasons.
Toulon is the ninth French town by its population and the fifteenth city intramural. Its urban area is the tenth of France. Its inhabitants are called Toulonnais. The motto of the city is "Concordia parva crescunt" (For concord small things become large).
The old city, the historic centre of Toulon, has long housed the local underworld, bars, and has drawn a sulphurous reputation for years. The efforts of successive mayors now lead to a rehabilitation visible but still partial. C'es in the old city found the famous Provencal market price Lafayette and its local specialties like cade (socca) and the Chichi Frégi. This market has inspired a song by Gilbert Bécaud (markets Provence).
The Upper Town is the "Haussmannienne" the centre of Toulon. Baron Haussmann was prefect of Var, and it was during the expansion of Toulon ordered by Napoleon III that he carries out his first "prototype architecture" in the upper city which was then that field. There also built instead of Liberty, the Grand Hotel, the garden-Alexander I, Chalucet hospital, the Palace of Justice, the station and the old building des Dames de France and the former Caisse d'Epargne . He asked for help to his friend Garnier to build an opera. This was also the first Opera Garnier built by France, he served as Haussmann, "testing ground" for future opera he was going to build in Paris. Toulon, and particularly the Upper Town, was therefore the field testing of architecture's most beautiful in the world, which was broadcast to Paris, Bordeaux, Marseille, Lyon, Montpellier, etc. ...
There is the bay in the military port of Toulon (Arsenal), the main naval base in France. In the early twenty-first century, it houses including most of the naval force of action, including the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle and the submarine nuclear attack, while more than 60% of the tonnage of shipping French National.
These are the Giens peninsula and the peninsula of Saint-Mandrier-sur-Mer, which closes the bay to the open sea In the bay, we can find the port of Saint-Mandrier-sur-Mer, the port of La Seyne-sur-Mer, the arsenal and the port of Toulon.
To take full advantage of its harbour, Toulon has 20 hectares of beaches where you can upgraded without souçi you enjoy all water sports.
The Mont Faron is a summit limestone peaks at 584 meters and overlooks the city of Toulon. A cable car provides access to the summit from the city. The summit, fairly flat, houses a memorial of the Allied landings in Provence (Operation Dragoon Anvil) and a zoo specialises in breeding cats. The rise as the descent offer views on the spectacular bay of Toulon.
The rise of Faron is a classic stage of the cycling race Paris-Nice and the Tour Mediterranean.
The Mont Faron has tracks, downhill mountain biking and endurance for all levels, from beginner to cyclist confirmed. But beware, Mount Faron is a natural site protected n'empruntez that the trails already plotted. ATVs are only tolerated: there is no official trail, or tagging track mountain biking. A plan for information is available to fund the cable of Mount Faron.