Menton, located at the Italian border, is nicknamed "The Pearl of France" (an appellation due to geographer Elisée Reclus in its Universal Geography).
The lemon became the symbol of the city, since it is the only region in France where, thanks to a unique microclimate, lemon trees grow. Also, since sixty-five years, the lemon festival takes place in the city and takes place between the last three weekends of February.
It is on the hill Pépin, west of the town of today, what will doubtless groupait Greater primitive around his castle founded under the leadership of the count of Ventimiglia. The Lordship of Puypin (Podium Pinum) went with that of Menton in the thirteenth century Vento, Genoese family who built another castle: it gave birth to the town of today.
The first mention of the city dated 21 July 1262, in the peace treaty between Charles d'Anjou and Genoa. His position on the edge of the county Provencal and the Republic of Genoa - which then claimed Monaco as its western boundary - in fact a relatively coveted position.
Menton was attached to France during the Revolution and the First Empire and was then part of the department of Alpes-Maritimes (which included Monaco and Sanremo). In 1848 Menton separated from the Principality of Monaco. It is true that the prince of Monaco wanted to levy a tax on the export of lemons, the main resource of the city ...
The label "Towns and Country Art and History" is awarded since 1985 by the french Ministry of Culture, for cities or countries embarking on a policy of animation and promoting the heritage and architecture.
All year guides lecturers approved by the Ministry of Culture lead you to discover the rich heritage of Menton. Among these treasures include:
- Le Bastion : facing the sea, on the port of Menton. It was originally built in the open sea by the Princes of Monaco, as a defence advanced port in 1636. It now houses the museum Jean Cocteau (who performed including murals of the hall marriages at the town hall).
- Palace Carnolès : former home of Antoine I of Monaco, now a museum and main collection of citrus in France. Despite several changes of hands and some modifications, the flag of Monaco has retained its character as trianon surrounded by orange trees. Medium-sized, this garden without climbing is very easy access.
- The Basilica of Saint-Michel : a religious building, which form a remarkable baroque ensemble
Botanical Garden of Val Rahmeh : Located avenue Saint-Jacques, it was created by Lord Percy Radcliffe, former governor of the island of Malta. In 1950, it falls to the botanist Miss Campbell, fascinated by the daturas. It is now owned by the National Museum of Natural History. You will discover many exotic plants and edible and some rare species as Sophora Toromino, the mythical tree of Easter Island.
Also visit the garden of the Palais citrus Carnolès which contains the largest collection of citrus in Europe. The palace Carnolès, former summer residence of Antoine I of Monaco, home to the Museum of Fine Arts.
La Serre de la Madone covers seven hectares at the foot of the Sierra de la Madone. The garden was created between two world wars by Major Lawrence Johnston reported that his travels in Africa and East a large number of plants whose mahonia. Ranked historical monument in 1990, it is now at the Conservatory of coastline since 1999.
Finally, do not miss the Garden Novelists : Fontana Rosa. It is a garden particularly original inspiration and Arab-Andalusian, where stand of Ficus macrophylla, palm trees and Araucaria heterophylla. The garden is a tribute to the writers Favorites Blasco Ibáñez: Cervantes, Dickens, Shakespeare, whose portraits are visible at the entrance of the residence and who are dedicated alternately some rotundas or fountains, hence the name " Garden Novelists. "
La Côte d'Azur - Roquebrune-Cap-Martin - Beausoleil - Monaco - Nice - Cannes - Antibes Juan les Pins - Beaulieu sur Mer - Saint Jean Cap Ferrat - Villefranche sur Mer - Provence - Vallauris Golfe-Juan