Hyères, or Hyères-the-palms, is a town located east of Toulon. Its inhabitants are Hyérois. The name of this city seems to come from salt stretching nearby, after alteration of the term latin areae designating salt marshes.
It was at Hyères in 1887, that Stéphen Liégeard has created the famous term French Riviera : "along the beach bathed in rays that deserves our baptism of French Riviera, Hyères first had the idea of putting its donations bless the service of the disease and hope."
The town of Hyères includes the Giens peninsula and the islands of Hyères. The islands of Hyères, also known as Gold islands, are a set of three islands off the city. This package includes:
- Porquerolles (1254 ha) an island in the wake of the Giens peninsula.
- Port-Cros (650 ha) the highest and most mountainous island with an exceptional flora, bird refuge. It is the only national park of metropolitan France to both land and sea.
- Ile du Levant (900 ha) occupied largely by a test centre of the Delegation General pour l'Armement.
La Chapelle Saint-Blaise said Tour Templar :
Also called round-Chapel St. Blaise, built at the end of the twelfth century It is the only remnant of the commander of Hyères. Transformed during the seventeenth and eighteenth century, the building became successively Hall Hotel and then at City Hall. It was restored and retains its original appearance: a chapel in the nave single ground floor, a large room upstairs and a fortified terrace.
La Villa Noailles :
Its construction as its decoration appealed to the most renowned artists of the time as Mondrian, Francis Jourdain, and so on. It was successively extended until 1933, reaching 1 800 sq.m., with swimming pool, squash and private gym. On the hill of the old castle overlooking the town of Hyeres, the villa also has a large Mediterranean garden planted by Viscount de Noailles, complemented by a garden Cubist Gabriel Guevrekian in 1925.
The Collegiate St. Paul :
Classified historic monument in 1992, it has a permanent exhibition of ex-voto that tell of events that took place during the wars of religion. Legend has it that the treasure of the Templars being hidden.
Archaeological Site of Olbia :
Open to the public in 1999, the archaeological site of Olbia, a former counter of the city of Marseilles, juxtapose elements of Greek, Roman and medieval. Located along the golf course Giens, Hyères, on the road counters between Nice and Marseille, Olbia ( "Blessed" in Greek) is raised by Strabo (first century BC. AD) in its Geography. The site has been excavated from the nineteenth century by various archaeologists, whose Prince Frederick, the future king of Denmark, Alphonse Denis, mayor of Hyères, and Lieutenant-Colonel Poitevin of Maureillan.