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Fontaine de Vaucluse

The greatest source of Provence

Fontaine de VaucluseIt could translate the name Fontaine-de-Vaucluse in "the fountain of the valley close." It is at the bottom of a valley in cul-de-sac at the foot of a huge cliff 230 meters, that arises mysteriously one of the most famous Provence, and who will give birth to Sorgue. Fontaine-de-Vaucluse is built Around this famous source, and this small village of 600 inhabitants, who simply called Vaucluse, gave his name to an entire department.
It must be said that it has been known since antiquity, Petrarch himself referring to, and that its source is the subject of a major worship since these distant time.

This water has played a leading role in the economy Fontaine-de-Vaucluse. Using its strength, paper mills have emerged in the fifteenth century. A jewel of local industry, stationery assured long prosperity of the place before being overtaken by modernity and replaced locally for the benefit of tourism and handicrafts.

Château de Fontaine-de-VaucluseThe Fontaine de Vaucluse is the source of Sorgue, its average flow is 22 m3/seconde and may reach 110 m3 per second at snowmelt. It was not until 1985 that is partially lifted the mystery of its origin: indeed, the lowest point at -308 metres deep has been reached by that date by a robot of the Society of speleological Fountain Vaucluse. The source is the main point of exit from a subterranean basin of 1100 square kilometres recovering waters of Mount Ventoux, Vaucluse mountains and the mountains of Lure.

In Fontaine-de-Vaucluse, you can also visit the church of Notre-Dame and Saint Véran, Roman-style Provencal whose crypt contains the tomb of Saint Véran. See also a viaduct, the ruins of the castle of Bishops of Cavaillon, or the remains of a Roman canal built along the left bank of the Sorgue. During your walks or hikes, you will also have the opportunity to see Bories, these dry stone huts typical of Provence.

La Fontaine de Vaucluse is the largest source of France. It is also ranked the fifth largest in the world with an annual water flow of 630 million cubic meters. This resurgence is in hydrogeology reference to the characterization of a type known as "source vauclusienne."

Pictures of Fontaine de Vaucluse

Fontaine de Vaucluse La Fontaine de Vaucluse, source de la Sorgue Moulin sur la Sorgue

Around Fontaine de Vaucluse

L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue - Gordes - Bonnieux - Roussillon - Lourmarin - Avignon - Cavaillon - Apt - Carpentras - Manosque - Luberon - Abbaye de Sénanque - Le Thor