The Camargue covers an area of 145 300 ha in the south of France, between the two main arm of the Rhone delta and the Mediterranean Sea. It extends to the East to the plain of the Crau, west to Aigues-Mortes and north to Beaucaire.
In its center lies the pond Vaccarès, the area along the Sea is surrounded by salt ponds.
The Camargue is primarily a breeding area of horses and bulls, rice cultivation and exploitation of salt (saltmarsh). Indeed, in this flat country and largely wild, the horse is the preferred means of locomotion! And it is also the most appropriate approach for bulls and pink flamingos!
The Camargue is located mainly in the territory of Commons Arles, which is therefore the largest municipality of metropolitan France, and Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer. There are traditionally 3 parts: the Petite Camargue to the west of Petit-Rhone, Great Camargue, between the two arms of the Rhone, and the Plan of Bourg, east of Grand-Rhone.
But the Camargue is composed of two quite different geographical areas: the north with farmland and the south made up of marshes and saltwater plans which form a particular ecosystem, mainly composed of salicornes Salt and plants (that is, to say plants that bear salt water). The fauna and flora have led to the creation of a national nature reserve on 13 117 hectares (1927) and a regional park on 30 000 hectares (1970).
The image of gardian and bull are more present in the public mind.
The gardian riding his white horse, is the French "cowboy" ! He often represents the spirit of freedom and nature so dear to our time.
The "Course camarguaise" is a sport very popular in south-east of Herault in Arles, including of course the Camargue region. It sets a red cockade on the front and white tassels on the horns of bulls from the late nineteenth century to practice "race free" or "race to the roundel."
It should be noted that the Regional Natural Park of the Camargue was born in 1970. It manages 85 000 hectares on land and at sea 34 000 on a part of the Camargue.
The Camargue Cross
The Camargue Cross has been carved and invented by Paul Hermann in 1924, at the request of Folco de Baroncelli, aristocrat Provence.
The cross Camargue combines symbolically gardians and fishermen through the anchor attached to the earth Wednesday
The tridents embody the three major gardian virtues: faith, love and hope.
Housed in an old barn, the Camargue Museum presents the landscapes of the Rhone delta since the 19th century to the present day, through human activities.
Objects, photographs, models, audiovisual documents…
The visit to the museum can be complemented by a walk through the land of Mas du Pont de Rousty (1H 30) where you will be presented contemporary agricultural activities, crops, pastures, marshes…
Interpretation of the landscape, observatories, hydraulic systems, traditional hut, a possibility depending on the season to observe birds and bulls…
Le Musée de la Camargue - Mas du Pont de Rousty - 13200 Arles
Tel : 04 90 97 10 82 - Email : firstname.lastname@example.org