Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist born in Malaga on October 25, 1881, died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, buried in the grounds of Castle Vauvenargues in Bouches-du-Rhone. It is mainly known for his paintings, and is one of the major artists of the twentieth century. It is, with Georges Braque, the founder of the Cubist movement.
Picasso started painting from an early age and making her first paintings to eight years. In 1896, he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Barcelona. Signant first name of his father, Ruiz Blanco, he finally chooses to use the name of his mother, Picasso, from 1901.
The blue period corresponds to the years 1901-1903. It derives its name from the fact that blue is the dominant hue of paintings by Picasso during this period, which began with the suicide of his friend Carlos Casagemas which explains why it is marked by themes of death, old age and poverty. Saltimbanques, beggars, blind and mothers esseulées then populate the works of Picasso, which also carries out tables whose themes are from symbolist movement of the late nineteenth century.
From 1904, Picasso moved to Paris, the Bateau-Lavoir. There, he met his first wife: Fernande Olivier. This is the beginning of the pink period. As before, is the use of tinted pinkish dominant which explains the name. The themes remain melancholy and dominated by feelings, there are also many references to the world of circus. Picasso privilégia during this period the work on the line, drawing, rather than on color.
From 1907 to 1914, Picasso realized with Georges Braque paintings to be called cubist. They are characterized by a search on the geometry and forms represented: all objects are divided and reduced to simple geometric shapes, often squares. This means that an object is not represented as it appears visibly, but by codes corresponding to its actual known.
The work is founder of Cubism Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, a representation of prostitutes on the streets denuded of Avignon, Barcelona. This table, monumental format, is completed by Picasso during the summer of 1907, but he is preparing for this work from 1906 by a series of drawings and paintings history.
Picasso returned for a few years the figurative, including family portraits. In the years 1920, it is close to the surrealist movement - represented are deformed body, dismembered, monstrous - but a "personal" surrealism.