Provence
Français / English

Jean Giono

Writer born in Manosque

Jean GionoBorn in Manosque (Alpes de Haute Provence) in March 1895, Jean Giono is the son of a cobbler anarchist of Italian origin. In 1911, poor health of his father and the limited resources of the family forced to stop Jean Giono studies. In 1915, it is incorporated into Briancon, and then sent to the front at Verdun and the Mont Kemmel. Later, reading classical writers (especially Virgil) led him to write: a hobby that will take more and more important, so he will decide after the liquidation of the bank wich 'employed him in 1929 and the success of his first book "Hill" to halt all work to devote himself exclusively to his work.

CollineIn 1929, he was the winner of the U.S. price Brentano for "Hill", and will receive the following year the price Northcliffe for his novel "Regain." In April 1935, he published "Let my joy remains" highly successful, especially among young people.

Blocked accidentally in the hamlet of Contadour during a hike on Mount Lure, Giono and a few friends, enchanted by the scene, decide to meet them regularly: this will be the "Close Encounters of Contadour." This is the time of publication of the essay "The True Wealth", dedicated to his friends. But the declaration of war interrupts the ninth meeting of Contadour.

Jean Giono - Les âmes fortesFaced with war, his friends expect the reaction of Giono. It will be difficult for this free man who does not want to be director of conscience and who wrote "Walk alone, your clarity you enough." It will join the centre-raising Digne, however, because of its pacifism displayed, he will be arrested on September 14, 1939. It will be released after a non-place and released from his military duties.

At the end of World War II in September 1944 and well qu'ouvertement anti-Nazi, Jean Giono, however, will be accused of having collaborated and will again be imprisoned. It will be released in January 1945 without ever having been charged. Nevertheless, the trial will earn him the enmity of some of the profession and will be excluded from the National Committee of the writers.

The success of his novel "The Horseman on the Roof," then the Prix du Prince Rainier III of Monaco for the whole of his work in 1953, yet allow him to find a just appreciation. It will be even received the following year within the Academy Goncourt. Emporté by a heart attack on October 9, 1970, Jean Giono is buried in Manosque.

Bibliographie

Jean Giono - Un de BaumugnesColline (1928)
Un de Baumugnes (1929), film de Marcel Pagnol en 1934 sous le titre Angèle.
Naissance de l'Odyssée (1930)
Regain (1930), porté à l'écran par Marcel Pagnol en 1937.
Le Grand Troupeau (1931)
Jean le Bleu (1932), inspira La Femme du boulanger à Marcel Pagnol
Solitude de la pitié (1932)
Le chant du monde (1934)
Que ma joie demeure (1934)
Les vraies richesses (1937)
Refus d'obéissance (1937)
Batailles dans la montagne (1937)
Le poids du ciel (1938)
Lettre aux paysans sur la pauvreté et la paix (1938)
Précisions et Recherche de la pureté (1939)
Traduction de Moby Dick, de Herman Melville (1940)
Pour saluer Melville (1941)
Jean Giono - L'homme qui plantait des arbresTriomphe de la vie (1942)
Le voyage en calèche (1946)
Un roi sans divertissement (1946), film de François Leterrier en 1963
Noé (1948)
Les âmes fortes (1949), porté à l'écran par Raoul Ruiz en 2000
Mort d'un personnage (1949)
Les grands chemins 1951
Le Hussard sur le toit (1951), film de Jean-Paul Rappeneau en 1995
Le moulin de Pologne (1952)
L'Homme qui plantait des arbres (1953), libre de droit dès sa sortie
Le bonheur fou (1957)
Angelo (1958)
Deux cavaliers de l'orage (1965 pour la version définitive)
L'Iris de Suse (1970)
et divers recueils de nouvelles et chroniques publiés essentiellement à titre posthume.

Others artists at Net-Provence

Picasso - Matisse - Signac - Van Gogh - Giono - Mistral - Pagnol - Daudet - Renoir

Others pages

Manosque - La montagne Sainte Victoire - Artistes de Provence